What is arthritis?

Are you curious to know about Arthritis? If yes, then you are going to get exactly what you are looking for and also get some facts about arthritis to know better.

Arthritis affects millions of people around the world and yet not many people have a clear understanding of it. In fact, when you say arthritis, it is not a single disease, but rather a group of diseases. The name can be used for any disorder that affects the joints and there are more than 100 types of conditions that can be included under arthritis.

Common symptoms include stiffness and joint pain. Also, the person suffering from arthritis will not be able to use the affected part as before. Other symptoms include swelling, warmth, and redness. The sad truth is that certain types of arthritis can also affect other organs of the body including the heart. Among these different conditions, the most common ones are rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.

Arthritis can come suddenly or it might be a gradual process. Plus, the symptoms of will not stay always. They may come and go. Also, the intensity of the symptoms can vary. They can anything from mild to severe. When it comes to the progress of the disease there is no set pattern. There is a possibility that the disease can remain the same for years and then suddenly get worse or it will slowly worsen over the years.

A person who is affected by severe arthritis will suffer from chronic pain, not be able to use the stairs and even walk. However, the most important thing is that they will not be able to any of their regular activities.

Facts about arthritis

facts about arthiritisArthritis is a disease that affects individuals, families, and the economy of the country in a far greater way than most people understand. That is the most unfortunate thing.

One of the major disabilities that affect the people in the states is arthritis.

As people age more women are affected by arthritis than men. This might be due to fact that these women suffer from menopause. However, arthritis does not always come alone. In fact, many people who suffer from arthritis also suffer from other diseases. These diseases include diabetes and heart problems. Since a huge part of the population in the United States of America is between 18 and 64, the amount of damage arthritis can do to the economy is quite devastating.

Statistics on Arthritis patient

Arthritis-patientsIn the period between 2013 -15, it has been reported that annually around 54 million people in the states have been informed by their doctor that they have arthritis.

This is not evenly distributed and it varies greatly between states. For example, in 2015 it has been reported that only 17.2 % of the people in Hawaii had been affected.

Unfortunately, the people of West Virginia were not as lucky as there the percentage was much higher (a few fractions short of 34%). Also, these numbers vary from county to county.

Certain counties it is as low as 11.2 % while in certain counties it can be as high as 42.7 %. The above data has been collected for the year 2015 and it has been predicted that the number of Americans who will suffer from arthritis will increase to 78 million by the year 2040. Between 2013 and 2015 the percentage of people between 18 to 44 years who suffer from arthritis is 7.1%.

However, this number jumps up drastically to around 29% when it comes to people between 45 to 64 years and the highest amount is among the people who are 65 and older (around 50 %).

When it comes to gender the percentage is higher among women (26 %) than men (around 19 %).

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/arthritis/data_statistics/arthritis-related-stats.htm

Major 4 Types of arthritis (different)

Arthritis is classified into four types:

  • Degenerative Arthritis
  • Inflammatory Arthritis
  • Infectious Arthritis
  • Metabolic Arthritis

Degenerative Arthritis

It is a type of arthritis that affects people. It has another name called Osteoarthritis.

How It affects?

Under this condition, the cushion between the bones has become so worn down that the bones start to rub against each other. As a result of this, there is swelling, stiffness, and pain.

Ways to treat:

  1. There are different ways to treat this arthritis and they are based on the intensity of the pain. When the pain is either mild or moderate then there are few treatment options available. One of them is ensuring that the concerned person is maintaining the correct weight
  2. Another way is to strengthen the surrounding muscles to ensure that the bone has the required support.
  3. Use both cold and hot therapies.
  4. Maintain a balance between the activities you do and the rest you take. Remember that engaging in regular physical activities also helps. Also, you must remember not to repeat the same activities too often.
  5. However, when the pain becomes chronic then some of these treatment options might help, but in many cases, you might want to undergo joint replacement surgery.
  6. In the case of osteoarthritis, it is possible to avoid by maintaining a healthy weight and keeping active. Also, it would be helpful if you avoided doing repetitive moments as well as avoid getting injured.

Inflammatory Arthritis

By name itself you will get to know, it is pain due to inflammation. Medically it can be described as below. Not all arthritis is caused by degeneration of the cushion between the bones. Sometimes it is caused by the immune system. The job of the immune system is to make sure that the body is protected. It does so by attacking foreign bodies and thus, preventing diseases. Unfortunately, this same immune system can sometimes malfunction and attack the body itself. That is what happens in the case of inflammatory arthritis.

How It affects?

The immune system attacks the joint which results in uncontrolled inflammation. This can result in the joint suffering from erosion. Also, the immune system can attack other organs in the body. These include the eyes. Rheumatoid arthritis is a type of Inflammatory Arthritis Doctors and researchers are not sure why this happens, but they believe that this is caused by the combination of genes as well as environmental factors. They have a hypothesis that smoking can be one of the environmental factors that can trigger Rheumatoid arthritis.

Infectious Arthritis

Arthritis need not be caused due to wear or attack by the immune system. Sometimes arthritis can be triggered by the entry of a foreign body in the joints. The foreign body can be a fungus, bacterium, or a virus.

How It affects?

The different types of infections that can cause this kind of arthritis include sexually transmitted diseases gonorrhea and chlamydia, hepatitis C as well as food poisoning like shigella. This kind of arthritis can be treated through the use of antibodies to clear the infection. However, if not treated properly the pain caused by arthritis can become chronic.

Metabolic Arthritis

Whenever the body break down purines it produces uric acid. This purine can be found in many food items as well as in human cells. Normally the presence of uric acid does not create a problem, but unfortunately, there are individuals who either produce more uric acid than required by them or their bodies are not able to send the extra uric acid outside the body fast enough.

How It affects?

In this case of arthritis, the extra uric acids start getting deposited in the joints and there they become needle-like crystal structures. Joints that have these crystal spikes suffer from gout attack whenever they move. Mostly these gout attacks come in patches. However, if the amount of uric acid is not reduced quickly then the pain becomes chronic which can result in the person not being able to do their regular activities.

Treatments

There are many treatments available for arthritis. These treatments can be classified into arthritis medication, joint surgery, and natural arthritis treatment.

There are many medications that can be used for the treatment of arthritis. However, it is important that you know the symptoms of arthritis along with the medications that have approved for this purpose.  You should also be aware of the allowed dosage as well as the side effects of the medication. In case you have to undergo surgery, you should be aware of the different types available.

There are also many natural methods to treat arthritis and you should be aware of the different types available. Also, you should choose the treatment that is best suited for your lifestyle and how it can ease your pain as well as treat the symptoms of arthritis.

Prescription medications and Natural ailments are the two options when it comes to medication other than therapy

Prevention

arthirities preventionSo far there is no sure-fire way of preventing arthritis, but there are certain ways you can reduce the risk factors.

By reducing these risk factors, you can reduce the time you have to suffer from arthritis. Remember these risk factors can be divided into two types –modifiable and non-modifiable. Remember you must focus on the risk factors that can be modified.

These include your weight, diet, and behavioral patterns. As for the non-modifiable factors, you should be aware of them, but not let them dominate your life. For example, you may be a female who happens to come from a family that has a long history of arthritis. These things cannot be changed and you will be doing yourself no favors by worrying about them.

Arthritis affects not individuals, but families and the economy as a whole. People who suffer from arthritis may not be able to do their daily activities. These include going to work. When a person does not go to work then there is a loss of productivity and in many cases, the money lost due to lower levels of productivity can be higher than the cost of treating arthritis.

That is why we wish to spread awareness of arthritis and help people by providing them with the right information at the right time.