What is Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Rheumatoid Arthritis is an inflammatory disorder, in which the human body’s immune system is affected. When the immune system which generally fights with bacteria and viruses are affected, then the person begins to feel the pain as it will give heavy pain to the joints in hands, feet. This disease may result in Low Red Blood Cell Count which carries Oxygen to the human body’s tissue. This pain in the joint will result in swelling, as the tissue inside the joints gets thicker. When the disease develops, the joints will become loose and will lose its movement. The damage happened to the Joint can be cured very easily, but only when noticed in the earlier stage. When Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is found in a human’s body, Doctors will suggest for early diagnosis and treatment to reduce the Rheumatoid Arthritis damage.
In many cases, RA targets the joints of the hands, feet, knees, elbows and ankles. At this stage, the affected area causes severe pain and swelling. When the disease is not informed to a person and if it is affecting the joints for many days, then there are lots of chances of Bone Erosion and then Joint deformity. RA also affects the underlying bone and cartilage.
What are the causes of RA?
The causes of RA are still unknown. Physicians don’t know what starts this process. Even though they do not know the cause for the disease, Doctors know the Risk Factors for Rheumatoid Arthritis. The factors like Genetics, Trauma, Sex and Infection with bacteria or virus triggers the disease.
What are the Symptoms of RA?
Initially a person cannot identify this disease as it gradually begins to react. It may take few weeks or months for a person to find that he has a sign of RA as the pain increases.
The following are the Symptoms of RA:
- Joint Pain, stiffness in the hand or any affected area.
- Many joints in our bodies are affected.
- Same joints on both the sides of the body are affected.
- Dryness, Redness and Impaired Vision may occur in the eyes.
- Breathing trouble may happen as RA produces Lungs Inflammation.
- More chances of Anemia as it lowers the RBC count.
- Lumps would be seen in the affected Bony areas.
Who will be affected?
RA mostly affects to people in the age group between 40 and 60. It can occur at any age. More than men, Women suffer a lot and develop RA. There are lots of chances for a person if someone in his or her family is affected by RA. Smoking Cigarette can also increase the risk of the disease and it severs the disease. Environmental exposures can also be a problem for a person if he or she works in a Asbestos and Silica surrounded area, as these compounds may develop the disease. People who have Obesity should also be cautious as it may end up in the disease.
What are the treatments for RA?
The most popular treatments given for RA are medication, physical therapy and daily exercises. In most cases, doctors prescribe Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug (NSAID). This medication helps the affected person to reduce the pain and minimizes Inflammation. When buying this medical drug, the person needs to have a doctor prescription as it requires a low dose. Disease Modifying Antirheumatic Drug (DMARD) slows RA from getting worse and painful. This drug includes methotrexate, hydroxychloroquine, sulfasalazine, leflunomide, cyclophosphamide and azathioprine. Biologics may also be injected for the person who suffers from RA. Biologics target the inflammation and it kills the disease in many cases. Surgery is not needed unless it is giving a permanent damage to the body.